What Lies in the Future for Self-Driving Cars?

What Lies in the Future for Self-Driving Cars?

The stage is set and markets are abuzz to welcome driverless cars that will completely change the automobile industry. This technology will take you to the future when you will be driven by your car without any efforts and human intervention. In the past few decades, many remarkable developments have been made to integrate automated technology into modern vehicles. The self-parking capabilities and advanced collision protection systems are already used in many high-end cars. Automobile manufacturers are now looking to develop fully automated cars using the technologies of tomorrow. With artificial intelligence, machine learning and IoT at the core of this development, this future is not as distant as it seems.

The Journey of Self-Driving Cars So Far

Most experts opine that futuristic technologies in any industry will be self-sufficient and smarter than their earlier counterparts. In terms of automobile technology, the journey has been very interesting with many improvements made by vehicles over the past 4-5 decades. Experts divide this period into five main levels of automation.

The first level was marked by driver-assisted technology that used intelligent features to perform smart safety functions. They alerted the driver about surrounding conditions and environment to ensure safer driving. In the second level, partial automation was introduced with automated features to be controlled by the driver. Further developments were made and innovations were introduced to reach the stage of conditional automation with cars having limited self-driving capabilities. They worked as co-pilots to handle safety-critical operations under monitored controls. The operations were managed by a human driver.

Then the high automation level was introduced in which cars were capable of tech-driven driving functions under specified conditions. There is a functional driver cockpit in these cars but they can drive on their own without humanized controls. The last level of automation is in the phase of testing. It is the most awaited technological development in which fully autonomous cars will take on the roads.

How Self-Driving Technology Works

The cars built with driverless technology use smart sensors and GPS along with computerized control systems. They have a laser installed on their roof to monitor the road and generate the 3D maps of the surrounding environment to process various data models. Using this data, the cars can prevent sensed hurdles and drive seamlessly by following the traffic rules.

The safety of these cars has been under the scanner for a long time. However, it needs to be understood that accidents mainly take place due to human errors. Hence, the focus must be laid on development of technologies that can minimize human errors and ensure proper driving without human intervention. The companies have tested these technologies for normal road conditions while they are attempting to test them in challenging scenarios as well.

The Conclusion

It can be concluded that self-driving cars will be the future of the automobile industry. The task that was considered unattainable some decades back is no more a far cry. Companies are now focused on making this technology a reality of our times.