How to Change a Flat Tire

How to Change a Flat Tire

Tire-related problems are the cause of one-third of all road emergencies. A flat tire is a common road emergency and can make you feel helpless. Drivers who can change a flat tire can avoid such emergencies. Here we have given easy steps on how to change a flat tire. 

Tools You Will Need

  • Jack

  • Spare tire (inflated)

  • Lug wrench

  • Car owner’s manual 

  • Wheel wedges

Secure the Car so That It Doesn’t Roll

You should never change a tire on an incline or grass. The most important thing is to secure the car so that it doesn’t roll while changing a flat tire. If you are changing a flat tire on the highway, park your vehicle on the roadside on a straight stretch of the road. Use wheel wedges at the opposite end of the car that is to be raised. Make sure the transmission is in “Park” mode and engage the parking brake. 

Remove Wheel Cover 

The wheel cover covers the lug nuts, so you’ll need to remove it to access the lug nuts. If the wheel cover is not covering lug nuts, you can skip this step and move to the next. 

Loosen the Lug Nuts

Use the lug wrench to loosen the lug nuts. If the lug nuts are too tight, use a generous amount of thread loosener to loosen the nuts. You should not remove lug nuts completely but only loosen them.  

Jack up the Vehicle 

Position the jack under the vehicle. The car owner’s manual offers important information about the right jack placement to change front or rear tires. Follow the car manufacturer’s instructions while placing the jack to raise the vehicle. The jack slots are provided either behind the front wheels or in front of the rear wheels. Use the jack to raise the flat tire up to six inches.

Remove the Flat Tire

Now remove the lug nuts completely and keep them aside. Remove the flat tire and roll the spare tire to the right place.

Put the Spare Tire On

Lift the spare tire and align the rim to the lug bolts and gently push the spare tire inwards. The lug bolts should protrude outside the wheel rim holes. 

Replace the Lug Nuts

Put back the lug nuts on the lug bolts and use your hands to tighten them. Use the jack to lower the vehicle.

Tighten the Lug Nuts

Take the lug wrench and tighten the lug nuts. Remove the jack after all lug nuts have been tightened. Put the flat tire and all other things back in the car. 

Check the Tire Pressure

Check the tire pressure in the newly fitted tire. If the tire pressure is lower than recommended, drive your car slowly to the nearest gas station and fill the air in the newly fitted tire. 

Preparing for a road emergency is a good thing and learning how to change a flat tire can help you save loads of time and money too. This detailed step-by-step guide makes it easy for everyone and there is no reason why you should not learn such an important skill.